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Sleeping Disorders

I would like to start with a question:

Which are the Sleeping Disorders?

You may know some of them, but I will categorize the Sleeping Disorders, because there is a lot.
▶ Nightmares and Sleep, REM Sleep Behavior Disorder, Sleep Talking, Sleep Walking – are the strangest things in our sleep.
▶ Circadian rhythms are what regulate our natural sleep and wake patterns. The Sleeping Disorders which are corresponding to this statement are the following: Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders, Delayed Phase Sleep Disorder, 24-h Sleep Wake Disorder, Shift Work Disorder.
▶ Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Disorders are those when people after a good night’s sleep can feel tired or fatigued. The disorders which are associated with this are the following: Excessive Sleepiness, Extreme Sleepiness, Narcolepsy and Cataplexy, Narcolepsy and panda, sasuke, and naruto imageSleep.
▶ Insomina – is the most common Sleep Disorder.

Because there’s a lot, I decided to choose: Nightmares and Sleep, Sleep talking and walking  and Extreme Sleepiness.

  1. Nightmares&Sleep: The nightmares are usually common in the childhood and adulthood. In child they appear in the REM-sleep but extreme nightmare take place during non-REM sleep. Sleep terrors have common characteristics. They usually include arousal, agitation, large pupils, sweating, and increase blood pressure. Sleep terrors usually take place early in the night and may be combined with sleepwalking. The child typically does not remember or only has a vague memory of their dream.Did you know that there is a Nightmare Disorder too which takes place in the DSM-V?

    In a nutshell:  The specific DSM-5 criteria for nightmare disorder are as follows:

    • Recurrent episodes of extended, extremely and well remembered dysphoric dreams that usually involve efforts to avoid threats to survival or security or physical integrity. The nightmares generally occur in the second half of a major sleep episode.
    • On waking from the nightmare, the individual becomes oriented and alert.
    • The episodes cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other areas of functioning.
    • The symptoms cannot be explained by the effects of a drug of abuse or medication.
    • The nightmares cannot be attributed to another mental disorder (i.e., posttraumatic stress disorder, delirium) or medical condition.

    In addition, nightmare disorder is specified by duration: acute (less than 1 month), subacute (1-6 months), persistent (more than 6 months); and by the severity based on frequency: mild (less than one episode a week), moderate (multiple time a week), severe (nightly).

  2. Sleep walking and talking. 

    I think that these two are the most strange and creepy things that can relate to sleeping.a.) Sleep talking can occur during any stage of sleep. The lighter the sleep, the more intelligible the speech: in stages 1 and 2, people may have entire conversations while in stages 3 and 4, speech may be restricted to moans and gibberish. Symptoms can vary in severity and duration.

    Severity Criteria

    • Mild: episodes occur less than weekly,
    • Moderate: episodes occur more than once per week but less than nightly and cause mild disturbance to a bed partner
    • Severe: episodes occur nightly and may cause pronounced interruption of a bed partner’s sleep.Sleep talking may be brought on by  stress, depression, sleep deprivation, day-time drowsiness, alcohol, and fever. In many instances sleep talking runs in families, although external factors seem to stimulate the behavior. Sleep talking often occurs concurently with other sleep disorders such as  nightmares, confusional arousals,  sleep apnea , and REM sleep behavior disorder.

b.) Sleep walking – sleep walking, formally known as somnambulism, is a behavior disorder that originates during deep sleep and results in walking or performing other complex behaviors while asleep. It is much more common in children than adults and is more likely to occur if a person is sleep deprived. Sleepwalking usually involves more than just walking during sleep; it is a series of complex behaviors that are carried out while sleeping, the most obvious of which is walking. Symptoms of sleepwalking disorder range from simply sitting up in bed and looking around, to walking around the room or house, to leaving the house and even driving long distances. It is a common misconception that a sleepwalker should not be awakened. In fact, it can be quite dangerous not to wake a sleepwalker.

3.   Extreme Sleepiness

Its a problem if:

  • You have trouble waking in the morning
  • You often feel sleepy during your waking hours
  • Naps don’t take the edge off your sleepiness

Along with having to drag yourself through the day, you may also have:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Trouble with thinking or memory
  • Feelings of irritability or anxiety

About 20% of adults have sleepiness severe enough to affect their regular activities.

Cause:
Not getting enough sleep – sometimes by choice – is the most common cause of excessive sleepiness. Working at night and sleeping during the day is another. Other causes include drug, alcohol, or cigarette use, lack of physical activity, obesity, and the use of certain medications.

Related links:
1. http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/sleep-apnea-daytime-sleepiness
2. https://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-disorders-problems
3. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/914428-overview

Thank you for your patience and I hope that this revision was useful to you. If you want more information about the other sleeping disorders than copy-past the 2nd link.

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